Seed Saving 101
October 2018 article for Pigeon Magazine
As the growing season comes to its close plants are working to ensure their future – they are fattening up seeds. So before you hit the seed catalogues it is worth looking round to see what you can get for free.
Successful seed saving can be as simple as collecting ripe, dry seed, and storing it somewhere cool and dry in labelled envelopes. But be aware that some plants, including many vegetables, need to be have their pollination controlled to breed true to type.
Start with some easy ones like grasses, wildflowers, sweet peas, french beans, lettuce and tomatoes, which are all sure to give you predictable results. You can work your way up to more complicated plants as you get more experienced.
A few starting points:
Do watch for when seeds are ripe; immature seeds won’t germinate, but leave them too long and the plants will have scattered them
Avoid hybrids, (F1), plants as the seedlings will not be like the parent plant
Collect from your best plants, you want the next generation to inherit good qualities
The closer to its natural origins a plant is, the more likely it is to breed true
Some seeds like tomatoes and berries will need to be processed to remove the material around them, there are lots of helpful Youtube videos to show you how this is done
Experiment: you may get wonderful new variations
Questions you need to ask about saving seed; from Real Seeds site
Will these plants cross with any others?
Is this a good thing, or a bad thing? (Usually bad)
How does this happen? (Wind? Insects?)
What can I do to control this? Do I need to do anything?
Do I need a minimum number to get healthy seed? (e.g. do they breed as group?)
Or do the plants live on their own and self-pollinate? (so I can save seed from just a few?)
Have I chosen the best plants for seed?
SEED EXTRACTION AND DRYING
Do I need to do anything special to the seed ?
Is my seed well dried and well labelled?
The answers are different for each vegetable.
How to save seeds from "easy" vegetables and wild flowers Bristol’s well loved permaculture activist, Mike Feingold will be talking about how to save seed and why this is important. Mike has been at the centre of Bristol’s practical permaculture community for many years. He runs a thriving community orchard at Royate Hill, where he also has his own allotment.
Mike teaches on the Shift Bristol permaculture course and co- ordinates large teams of volunteers every year to run practical permaculture areas at festivals including Glastonbury Festival.
He’s also involved in redistributing unwanted food to communities in need across the city.
Mike’s talk will focus on seed saving from ‘easy’ vegetables, as well as saving wild seed. He’ll also touch on the politics of seed saving.
Often taking inspiration from the natural environment, poet Mark De’Lisser weaves words that explore the ever shifting tides of the human experience.
Born in London and now settled in Bath, Mark has written professional commissions for the Bath Abbey and Roots Allotment, and regularly collaborates with musicians.